The history of broadband is history of the global network called Internet. It all begun in 1950’s when US military was researching ways to establish working network in order to improve communication between its segments. All this led to project ARPANET in 1960’s under US Defense Advance Research Project Agency or DARPA. It wasn’t until a group of scientists under leadership of one Steve Crocker developed TCP/IP protocol in later 1970’s that Internet was born.
At start this network was designed for Universities and Research facilities in order to facilitate fast transfer of data across the country. During 1980’s Internet was available to the public but with no real means for an average user to access it. When dial up connection was born the real progress of internet begun. This enabled residential users to connect but it had two main problems – it was really slow and required a dedicated line. Dial up connection was evolving and it came to speed of 56 kbps during 1990’s but it wasn’t enough to quench the thirst of the public. It wasn’t until late 1990’s that broadband connections came on the scene and brought the evolution of internet and its related services to the next level.
Broadband internet was very expensive at start and not nearly as fast as it is today. But slowly as the ISPs grew the competition grew and with that expansion the prices went down until broadband was affordable to an average user. Every day new solutions came out – ADSL, Cable, Satellite, Wireless etc. There are two notable types of broadband connection that were particularly appealing to an average residential user – ADSL and Cable, both of which were using already existing infrastructure. ADSL is using phone lines without interfering with voice calls and Cable Internet is utilizing CATV infrastructure. Both connections were proved to be very stable, fast, reliable and much cheaper and easier to use. On the other hand Satellite connections and Wireless has become most attractive for people living in rural areas or remote places out of reach of ADSL and Cable broadband.
Today broadband internet is a part of our daily lives. We use it for work, at home and even while traveling. We use it on your PCs, cell phones, handheld or palmtops. We use it for business or just for pleasure, for gathering or sending out information, etc. Broadband internet has also helped economy as it sprung countless services and job opportunities online. What awaits us in future no one can tell…