Not all hackers are bad guys. To properly protect the network, you need to know the type of attack you will face. Therefore, hiring a Hacker will help you minimize the potential security risks for the system.
What exactly is a hacker?
Hacker is a word that has been reused and its original meaning has been almost completely erased. It used to mean a gifted, directed programmer. Hackers are practically obsessed with programming, to the point of being able to separate themselves from normal social life. They pursue knowledge of the inner workings of computers, networks, and — above all — software. Apart from the lack of social interaction, the hacker is not considered a bad guy.
With the popularity of IT, cybercrime has become a problem. People with the skills to cause cyber attacks are hackers, and so the term hacker has come to mean what it is today. If you asked someone to explain what a hacker is, they would describe someone with extensive knowledge of computers, operating systems, and programming, as well as an intent to access computer systems.
But the new definition of hacker also divides hackers into different categories. There are some people who try to break into the network are good people and vice versa. So we have 2 types of hackers:
- Black hat hackers are the real bad guys. They are cyber intruders and carry out criminal actions. They try to make money through illegal activities.
- White hat hacker otherwise, they have the right to hack the network. They are hired to test the security of the company.
However, in life, everything is rarely black and white.
- Gray hat hackers behave like a white hat hacker, but they don’t ask permission first. They check the security of the company and report it to the business in the hope of being paid a bonus. They break the law — it’s illegal to hack systems without permission, even if the company is grateful and pays you.
- Blue hat hackers are unskilled, but they know how to use low-skilled attack software, such as a DDOS attack program. They use it against a business. Usually for revenge as a disgruntled ex-employee may employ such tactics.
- Red hat hackers is the only cop in the hacker world. They are hackers targeting black hat hackers. Like the gray hat, the red hat is using illegal methods. Like Marvel’s Punisher, they operate outside of the law and with impunity, doing what they think is right.
- Blue hat hackers is someone who has the ambition to become a hacker. They are the ones who want to be black hats.
Criminal Hackers and Professional Hackers
Professional hackers can be ethical hackers (White Hat) at work, ready to test any company’s defenses and test their security. They may be hackers working for larger security companies, performing the same role but working more often.
Organizations can directly use their own hackers. They work alongside their partners in the IT support space to continuously explore, test, and improve their organization’s cybersecurity.
The red team tries to attack their own organization and the blue team stops the attack. Usually you will be fixed on a single team. But other organizations like to stir things up by moving employees between teams to attack each other.
Sometimes threat actors move into mainstream security. Industry figures like Kevin Mitnick – once the world’s most wanted hacker – run their own security consulting firms.
Other famous hackers have been scouted for mainstream jobs, such as Peiter Zatko, a one-time member of the Cult of the Dead Cow hack. In November 2020, he joined Twitter as head of security after tenures at Stripe, Google, and the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research and Projects Agency.
Charlie Miller, known for exposing vulnerabilities in Apple products and hacking the steering and acceleration systems on Jeep Cherokee, has worked in senior security positions at the NSA, Uber, and Cruise Automation. .
But there are also many cases where people cannot get jobs in cybersecurity because of mistakes they have made in the past.
Some professional hackers work for — and are trained by — government intelligence agencies or military partners. Government-sanctioned task forces are tasked with conducting intelligence-gathering, defense, and cyber-attacks to ensure national security and combat terrorism.
Hacker when caught
All technically competent countries have cyber-intelligence units. They collect, decode, and analyze military and non-military intelligence on strategy, operations, and tactics. They provide surveillance and attack software that conducts espionage missions on behalf of the state. They are people in the dark where the enemy is trying to do the same to you. They want to get into your system just like you want to access theirs. Your partners are developing defensive and offensive software tools and trying to detect and take advantage of zero-day attacks, just like you.
Shift5 is a cybersecurity startup founded by two former National Security Agency employees. They not only work in the NSA but also in the Tailored Access Operations unit. This is one of the most secretive departments of the NSA. Shift5 promises to deliver technology that helps protect critical US infrastructure. They announced a $20 million funding round in October 2021.
The Israel Defense Forces’ equivalent to the NSA is Unit 8200. Unit 82 or Unit is Israel’s famous military intelligence group. Alumni of Unit 82, and the secretive group inside known as Unit 81, have founded or co-founded some of the most successful tech companies. Check Point Software, Palo Alto Networks, and CyberArk all have former founding members Unit. These are successful companies led by the brightest technical brains.
Complications arise when former US intelligence agents are employed abroad. Two US citizens and one former US citizen made headlines recently when it was revealed that they worked for the group DarkMatter, which was founded in the United Arab Emirates. DarkMatter runs the notorious surveillance program Project Raven for the Emirati government.
In September 2021, Marc Baier, Ryan Adams, Daniel Gericke entered into a deferred prosecution agreement restricting future employment activities and demanding the joint payment of $1.68 million in fines.
Attractive skills in the market are limited
Companies hire experienced former hackers to serve the company. But if you are involved in cybersecurity activities for a government or military agency, you need to understand your limits and control yourself to ensure you provide your services to organizations and to legitimate purposes.
If you are worried that you will become a hacker target, you can use the following measures.